The early rulers of Babylonia successfully repelled the first Assyrian aggressions and expanded their realm to central regions of the Assyrian Empire, thereby establishing the culturally wondrous Babylonian Empire during the course of 7th Century B. C. The skilled Babylonian longsword troops captured the territories of all Near East, the lands of the Levant, and the fertile lands of Egypt. The Babylonian military introduced the use of longsword in warfare. The Babylonian Empire was guided by the Imperial Temple, the Babylonian King as its head priest. The greatly powerful Empire of the Babylonians would endure a full century, proving worthy adversary to the newly rising powers of Media and Persia.